The 14th-century Arab traveler, Ibn Battuta, described women’s position in the Golden Horde as a unique phenomenon.
"I have seen in this country the wonder of their exalting the women, for they have a higher position than men."
Turkish women of all social strata were not restricted to the indoors and “did not wear veils”.
Women in lower levels of society held the occupation of brokers in the market and exhibited their wealth through their extravagant dress, carriages and entourage of servants and maids, while their husbands wore sheepskin hats and coats and looked as if they were their servants.
Women of the upper class were treated courteously by their husbands and participated in public festivals and ceremonies.
The queens, the Khan’s four wives, took an active part in court councils and ceremonies, and accompanied him on his journeys.
During the ceremonies there was no separation between and men and women as was the custom in Middle East Islamic countries."
Gaza is not the most beautiful of cities.
Her coast is not bluer than those of other Arab cities.
Her oranges are not the best in the Mediterranean.
Gaza is not the richest of cities.
(Fish and oranges and sand and tents forsaken by the winds, smuggled goods and hands for hire.)
And Gaza is not the most polished of cities, or the largest. But she is equivalent to the history of a nation, because she is the most repulsive among us in the eyes of the enemy – the poorest, the most desperate, and the most ferocious. Because she is a nightmare. Because she is oranges that explode, children without a childhood, aged men without an old age, and women without desire. Because she is all that, she is the most beautiful among us, the purest, the richest, and most worthy of love."